Official California Checklist

Updated 8 July 2016

Of the 664 species on this official California checklist, 11 are established introductions, one has been extirpated within historical times, and one is in the process of being reintroduced but is not yet established. A plain text version is available for easy importing into a spreadsheet. An additional five species of uncertain natural occurrence are included in a supplemental list at the end.


For new species to be added to the main list, at least one record of the species must be reviewed and accepted by the California Bird Records Committee (CBRC). All species on this list except those annotated with P, V, A or S are supported by at least one extant specimen obtained in California. Species not supported by specimens are documented either by photographs (P), video recordings (V), audio recordings (A), or (S) sight records with one or more convincing written descriptions, but no other tangible evidence. Documentation supporting all records reviewed by the CBRC (except for the physical specimens) is permanently archived at the Western Foundation of Vertebrate Zoology, 439 Calle San Pablo, Camarillo, California 93012-8506, where it is available to researchers.

The CBRC solicits documentation for all occurrences in California of species on its Review List (those annotated below with an asterisk), as well as species not yet recorded in California. In general, review species average four or fewer occurrences per year in California over the most recent ten year period. Documentation should be sent to the CBRC Secretary by e-mail to We also seek documentation concerning the potential establishment of introduced species not currently on the state list but on our Watch List. Documentation for Watch List species go to the Introduced Birds Subcommittee.

The sequence of birds on this list has been updated to follow the 7th edition of the A.O.U Check-List of North American Birds, and supplements.

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*California Bird Records Committee Review Species (193 species)
IIntroduced but now established in California (11 species)
EExtirpated from California (1 species)
RI Reintroduction in progress - not yet established. (1 species)

For species not supported by curated specimens (119 species):

PAt least one record supported by identifiable photograph (117 species)
VAt least one record supported by identifiable video (24 species)
AAt least one record supported by identifiable audio recording (9 species)
SSupported only by sight records (2 species)

Main List

Anseriformes - Screamers, Swans, Geese, and Ducks

Anatidae - Ducks, Geese, and Swans

Black-bellied Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna autumnalis - *P

Fulvous Whistling-Duck Dendrocygna bicolor - *

Tundra Bean-Goose Anser serrirostris - *P

Greater White-fronted Goose Anser albifrons

Emperor Goose Chen canagica - *

Snow Goose Chen caerulescens

Ross's Goose Chen rossii

Brant Branta bernicla

Cackling Goose Branta hutchinsii

Canada Goose Branta canadensis

Trumpeter Swan Cygnus buccinator - P

Tundra Swan Cygnus columbianus

Whooper Swan Cygnus cygnus - *P

Wood Duck Aix sponsa

Gadwall Anas strepera

Falcated Duck Anas falcata - *P

Eurasian Wigeon Anas penelope

American Wigeon Anas americana

American Black Duck Anas rubripes - *

Mallard Anas platyrhynchos

Blue-winged Teal Anas discors

Cinnamon Teal Anas cyanoptera

Northern Shoveler Anas clypeata

Northern Pintail Anas acuta

Garganey Anas querquedula - *

Baikal Teal Anas formosa - *

Green-winged Teal Anas crecca

Canvasback Aythya valisineria

Redhead Aythya americana

Common Pochard Aythya ferina - *P

Ring-necked Duck Aythya collaris

Tufted Duck Aythya fuligula

Greater Scaup Aythya marila

Lesser Scaup Aythya affinis

Steller's Eider Polysticta stelleri - *P

King Eider Somateria spectabilis - *

Common Eider Somateria mollissima - *P

Harlequin Duck Histrionicus histrionicus

Surf Scoter Melanitta perspicillata

White-winged Scoter Melanitta fusca

Common Scoter Melanitta nigra - *P

Black Scoter Melanitta americana

Long-tailed Duck Clangula hyemalis

Bufflehead Bucephala albeola

Common Goldeneye Bucephala clangula

Barrow's Goldeneye Bucephala islandica

Smew Mergellus albellus - *PV

Hooded Merganser Lophodytes cucullatus

Common Merganser Mergus merganser

Red-breasted Merganser Mergus serrator

Ruddy Duck Oxyura jamaicensis

Galliformes - Gallinaceous Birds

Odontophoridae - New World Quail

Mountain Quail Oreortyx pictus

California Quail Callipepla californica

Gambel's Quail Callipepla gambelii

Phasianidae - Partridges, Grouse, Turkeys, and Old World Quail

Chukar Alectoris chukar - I

Ring-necked Pheasant Phasianus colchicus - I

Ruffed Grouse Bonasa umbellus

Greater Sage-Grouse Centrocercus urophasianus

White-tailed Ptarmigan Lagopus leucura - IP

Sooty Grouse Dendragapus fuliginosus

Sharp-tailed Grouse Tympanuchus phasianellus - E

Wild Turkey Meleagris gallopavo - I

Podicipediformes - Grebes

Podicipedidae - Grebes

Least Grebe Tachybaptus dominicus - *

Pied-billed Grebe Podilymbus podiceps

Horned Grebe Podiceps auritus

Red-necked Grebe Podiceps grisegena

Eared Grebe Podiceps nigricollis

Western Grebe Aechmophorus occidentalis

Clark's Grebe Aechmophorus clarkii

Columbiformes - Pigeons and Doves

Columbidae - Pigeons and Doves

Rock Pigeon Columba livia - I

Band-tailed Pigeon Patagioenas fasciata

Oriental Turtle-Dove Streptopelia orientalis - *PV

Eurasian Collared-Dove Streptopelia decaocto - I

Spotted Dove Streptopelia chinensis - I

Inca Dove Columbina inca

Common Ground-Dove Columbina passerina

Ruddy Ground-Dove Columbina talpacoti - *

White-winged Dove Zenaida asiatica

Mourning Dove Zenaida macroura

Cuculiformes - Cuckoos and Allies

Cuculidae - Cuckoos, Roadrunners, and Anis

Common Cuckoo Cuculus canorus - *PV

Yellow-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus americanus

Black-billed Cuckoo Coccyzus erythropthalmus - *

Greater Roadrunner Geococcyx californianus

Groove-billed Ani Crotophaga sulcirostris - *P

Caprimulgiformes - Nightjars

Caprimulgidae - Nightjars

Lesser Nighthawk Chordeiles acutipennis

Common Nighthawk Chordeiles minor

Common Poorwill Phalaenoptilus nuttallii

Chuck-will's-widow Antrostomus carolinensis - *

Buff-collared Nightjar Antrostomus ridgwayi - *

Eastern Whip-poor-will Antrostomus vociferus - *PA

Mexican Whip-poor-will Antrostomus arizonae

Apodiformes - Swifts and Hummingbirds

Apodidae - Swifts

Black Swift Cypseloides niger

White-collared Swift Streptoprocne zonaris - *S

Chimney Swift Chaetura pelagica

Vaux's Swift Chaetura vauxi

Common Swift Apus apus - *P

White-throated Swift Aeronautes saxatalis

Trochilidae - Hummingbirds

Mexican Violetear Colibri thalassinus - *P

Magnificent Hummingbird Eugenes fulgens - *P

Blue-throated Hummingbird Lampornis clemenciae - *P

Ruby-throated Hummingbird Archilochus colubris - *

Black-chinned Hummingbird Archilochus alexandri

Anna's Hummingbird Calypte anna

Costa's Hummingbird Calypte costae

Broad-tailed Hummingbird Selasphorus platycercus

Rufous Hummingbird Selasphorus rufus

Allen's Hummingbird Selasphorus sasin

Calliope Hummingbird Selasphorus calliope

Broad-billed Hummingbird Cynanthus latirostris - *P

Violet-crowned Hummingbird Amazilia violiceps - *P

Xantus's Hummingbird Hylocharis xantusii - *P

Gruiformes - Rails, Cranes, and Allies

Rallidae - Rails, Gallinules, and Coots

Yellow Rail Coturnicops noveboracensis

Black Rail Laterallus jamaicensis

Ridgway's Rail Rallus obsoletus

Virginia Rail Rallus limicola

Sora Porzana carolina

Purple Gallinule Porphyrio martinicus - *

Common Gallinule Gallinula galeata

American Coot Fulica americana

Gruidae - Cranes

Sandhill Crane Antigone canadensis

Common Crane Grus grus - *P

Charadriiformes - Shorebirds, Gulls, Auks, and Allies

Recurvirostridae - Stilts and Avocets

Black-necked Stilt Himantopus mexicanus

American Avocet Recurvirostra americana

Haematopodidae - Oystercatchers

American Oystercatcher Haematopus palliatus

Black Oystercatcher Haematopus bachmani

Charadriidae - Lapwings and Plovers

Black-bellied Plover Pluvialis squatarola

American Golden-Plover Pluvialis dominica

Pacific Golden-Plover Pluvialis fulva

Lesser Sand-Plover Charadrius mongolus - *P

Greater Sand-Plover Charadrius leschenaultii - *PV

Snowy Plover Charadrius nivosus

Wilson's Plover Charadrius wilsonia - *

Common Ringed Plover Charadrius hiaticula - *PVA

Semipalmated Plover Charadrius semipalmatus

Piping Plover Charadrius melodus - *P

Killdeer Charadrius vociferus

Mountain Plover Charadrius montanus

Eurasian Dotterel Charadrius morinellus - *PV

Scolopacidae - Sandpipers, Phalaropes, and Allies

Upland Sandpiper Bartramia longicauda - *

Little Curlew Numenius minutus - *P

Whimbrel Numenius phaeopus

Bristle-thighed Curlew Numenius tahitiensis - *PV

Long-billed Curlew Numenius americanus

Hudsonian Godwit Limosa haemastica - *P

Bar-tailed Godwit Limosa lapponica - *

Marbled Godwit Limosa fedoa

Ruddy Turnstone Arenaria interpres

Black Turnstone Arenaria melanocephala

Red Knot Calidris canutus

Surfbird Calidris virgata

Ruff Calidris pugnax

Sharp-tailed Sandpiper Calidris acuminata

Stilt Sandpiper Calidris himantopus

Curlew Sandpiper Calidris ferruginea - *

Long-toed Stint Calidris subminuta - *P

Red-necked Stint Calidris ruficollis - *P

Sanderling Calidris alba

Dunlin Calidris alpina

Rock Sandpiper Calidris ptilocnemis

Baird's Sandpiper Calidris bairdii

Little Stint Calidris minuta - *

Least Sandpiper Calidris minutilla

White-rumped Sandpiper Calidris fuscicollis - *

Buff-breasted Sandpiper Calidris subruficollis

Pectoral Sandpiper Calidris melanotos

Semipalmated Sandpiper Calidris pusilla

Western Sandpiper Calidris mauri

Short-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus griseus

Long-billed Dowitcher Limnodromus scolopaceus

Jack Snipe Lymnocryptes minimus - *

Wilson's Snipe Gallinago delicata

Common Snipe Gallinago gallinago - *P

American Woodcock Scolopax minor - *P

Terek Sandpiper Xenus cinereus - *PV

Spotted Sandpiper Actitis macularius

Solitary Sandpiper Tringa solitaria

Gray-tailed Tattler Tringa brevipes - *P

Wandering Tattler Tringa incana

Spotted Redshank Tringa erythropus - *P

Greater Yellowlegs Tringa melanoleuca

Common Greenshank Tringa nebularia - *PV

Willet Tringa semipalmata

Lesser Yellowlegs Tringa flavipes

Marsh Sandpiper Tringa stagnatilis - *P

Wood Sandpiper Tringa glareola - *P

Wilson's Phalarope Phalaropus tricolor

Red-necked Phalarope Phalaropus lobatus

Red Phalarope Phalaropus fulicarius

Stercorariidae - Skuas

South Polar Skua Stercorarius maccormicki

Pomarine Jaeger Stercorarius pomarinus

Parasitic Jaeger Stercorarius parasiticus

Long-tailed Jaeger Stercorarius longicaudus

Alcidae - Auks, Murres, and Puffins

Common Murre Uria aalge

Thick-billed Murre Uria lomvia - *

Pigeon Guillemot Cepphus columba

Long-billed Murrelet Brachyramphus perdix - *

Marbled Murrelet Brachyramphus marmoratus

Kittlitz's Murrelet Brachyramphus brevirostris - *

Scripps's Murrelet Synthliboramphus scrippsi

Guadalupe Murrelet Synthliboramphus hypoleucus

Craveri's Murrelet Synthliboramphus craveri

Ancient Murrelet Synthliboramphus antiquus

Cassin's Auklet Ptychoramphus aleuticus

Parakeet Auklet Aethia psittacula

Least Auklet Aethia pusilla - *

Crested Auklet Aethia cristatella - *

Rhinoceros Auklet Cerorhinca monocerata

Horned Puffin Fratercula corniculata

Tufted Puffin Fratercula cirrhata

Laridae - Gulls, Terns, and Skimmers

Swallow-tailed Gull Creagrus furcatus - *P

Black-legged Kittiwake Rissa tridactyla

Red-legged Kittiwake Rissa brevirostris - *

Ivory Gull Pagophila eburnea - *P

Sabine's Gull Xema sabini

Bonaparte's Gull Chroicocephalus philadelphia

Black-headed Gull Chroicocephalus ridibundus - *P

Little Gull Hydrocoloeus minutus - *

Ross's Gull Rhodostethia rosea - *P

Laughing Gull Leucophaeus atricilla

Franklin's Gull Leucophaeus pipixcan

Belcher's Gull Larus belcheri - *PV

Black-tailed Gull Larus crassirostris - *

Heermann's Gull Larus heermanni

Mew Gull Larus canus

Ring-billed Gull Larus delawarensis

Western Gull Larus occidentalis

Yellow-footed Gull Larus livens

California Gull Larus californicus

Herring Gull Larus argentatus

Thayer's Gull Larus thayeri

Iceland Gull Larus glaucoides - *P

Lesser Black-backed Gull Larus fuscus

Slaty-backed Gull Larus schistisagus - *P

Glaucous-winged Gull Larus glaucescens

Glaucous Gull Larus hyperboreus

Great Black-backed Gull Larus marinus - *P

Kelp Gull Larus dominicanus - *P

Sooty Tern Onychoprion fuscatus - *

Bridled Tern Onychoprion anaethetus - *P

Least Tern Sternula antillarum

Gull-billed Tern Gelochelidon nilotica

Caspian Tern Hydroprogne caspia

Black Tern Chlidonias niger

White-winged Tern Chlidonias leucopterus - *PV

Common Tern Sterna hirundo

Arctic Tern Sterna paradisaea

Forster's Tern Sterna forsteri

Royal Tern Thalasseus maximus

Sandwich Tern Thalasseus sandvicensis - *P

Elegant Tern Thalasseus elegans

Black Skimmer Rynchops niger

Phaethontiformes - Tropicbirds

Phaethontidae - Tropicbirds

White-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon lepturus - *P

Red-billed Tropicbird Phaethon aethereus

Red-tailed Tropicbird Phaethon rubricauda - *

Gaviiformes - Loons

Gaviidae - Loons

Red-throated Loon Gavia stellata

Arctic Loon Gavia arctica - *

Pacific Loon Gavia pacifica

Common Loon Gavia immer

Yellow-billed Loon Gavia adamsii - *

Procellariiformes - Tube-nosed Swimmers

Diomedeidae - Albatrosses

White-capped Albatross Thalassarche cauta - *P

Salvin's Albatross Thalassarche salvini - *P

Chatham Albatross Thalassarche eremita - *P

Light-mantled Albatross Phoebetria palpebrata - *PV

Wandering Albatross Diomedea exulans - *P

Laysan Albatross Phoebastria immutabilis

Black-footed Albatross Phoebastria nigripes

Short-tailed Albatross Phoebastria albatrus - *

Procellariidae - Shearwaters and Petrels

Northern Fulmar Fulmarus glacialis

Great-winged Petrel Pterodroma macroptera - *PV

Murphy's Petrel Pterodroma ultima

Mottled Petrel Pterodroma inexpectata

Hawaiian Petrel Pterodroma sandwichensis - PV

Cook's Petrel Pterodroma cookii

Stejneger's Petrel Pterodroma longirostris - *P

Bulwer's Petrel Bulweria bulwerii - *P

White-chinned Petrel Procellaria aequinoctialis - *PV

Parkinson's Petrel Procellaria parkinsoni - *P

Streaked Shearwater Calonectris leucomelas - *

Cory's Shearwater Calonectris diomedea - *P

Wedge-tailed Shearwater Ardenna pacificus - *P

Buller's Shearwater Ardenna bulleri

Short-tailed Shearwater Ardenna tenuirostris

Sooty Shearwater Ardenna griseus

Great Shearwater Ardenna gravis - *P

Pink-footed Shearwater Ardenna creatopus

Flesh-footed Shearwater Ardenna carneipes

Manx Shearwater Puffinus puffinus - PV

Newell's Shearwater Puffinus newelli - *

Black-vented Shearwater Puffinus opisthomelas

Hydrobatidae - Storm-Petrels

Wilson's Storm-Petrel Oceanites oceanicus

Fork-tailed Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma furcata

Ringed Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma hornbyi - *P

Leach's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma leucorhoa

Townsend's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma socorroensis

Ashy Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma homochroa

Wedge-rumped Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma tethys - *

Black Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma melania

Tristram's Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma tristrami - *P

Least Storm-Petrel Oceanodroma microsoma

Ciconiiformes - Storks

Ciconiidae - Storks

Wood Stork Mycteria americana

Suliformes - Frigatebirds, Boobies, Cormorants, Darters, and Allies

Fregatidae - Frigatebirds

Magnificent Frigatebird Fregata magnificens - *

Great Frigatebird Fregata minor - *P

Lesser Frigatebird Fregata ariel - *P

Sulidae - Boobies and Gannets

Masked Booby Sula dactylatra - *P

Nazca Booby Sula granti - *P

Blue-footed Booby Sula nebouxii

Brown Booby Sula leucogaster

Red-footed Booby Sula sula - *

Northern Gannet Morus bassanus - *P

Phalacrocoracidae - Cormorants

Brandt's Cormorant Phalacrocorax penicillatus

Neotropic Cormorant Phalacrocorax brasilianus - P

Double-crested Cormorant Phalacrocorax auritus

Pelagic Cormorant Phalacrocorax pelagicus

Anhingidae - Darters

Anhinga Anhinga anhinga - *P

Pelecaniformes - Pelicans, Herons, Ibises, and Allies

Pelecanidae - Pelicans

American White Pelican Pelecanus erythrorhynchos

Brown Pelican Pelecanus occidentalis

Ardeidae - Herons, Bitterns, and Allies

American Bittern Botaurus lentiginosus

Least Bittern Ixobrychus exilis

Great Blue Heron Ardea herodias

Great Egret Ardea alba

Snowy Egret Egretta thula

Little Blue Heron Egretta caerulea

Tricolored Heron Egretta tricolor - *

Reddish Egret Egretta rufescens

Cattle Egret Bubulcus ibis

Green Heron Butorides virescens

Black-crowned Night-Heron Nycticorax nycticorax

Yellow-crowned Night-Heron Nyctanassa violacea

Threskiornithidae - Ibises and Spoonbills

White Ibis Eudocimus albus - *

Glossy Ibis Plegadis falcinellus - *P

White-faced Ibis Plegadis chihi

Roseate Spoonbill Platalea ajaja - *

Cathartiformes - New World Vultures

Cathartidae - New World Vultures

Black Vulture Coragyps atratus - *P

Turkey Vulture Cathartes aura

California Condor Gymnogyps californianus - RI

Accipitriformes - Hawks, Kites, Eagles, and Allies

Pandionidae - Ospreys

Osprey Pandion haliaetus

Accipitridae - Hawks, Kites, Eagles, and Allies

Swallow-tailed Kite Elanoides forficatus - *P

White-tailed Kite Elanus leucurus

Mississippi Kite Ictinia mississippiensis - *

Bald Eagle Haliaeetus leucocephalus

Northern Harrier Circus cyaneus

Sharp-shinned Hawk Accipiter striatus

Cooper's Hawk Accipiter cooperii

Northern Goshawk Accipiter gentilis

Common Black Hawk Buteogallus anthracinus - *P

Harris's Hawk Parabuteo unicinctus

Gray Hawk Buteo plagiatus - *PV

Red-shouldered Hawk Buteo lineatus

Broad-winged Hawk Buteo platypterus

Swainson's Hawk Buteo swainsoni

Zone-tailed Hawk Buteo albonotatus

Red-tailed Hawk Buteo jamaicensis

Rough-legged Hawk Buteo lagopus

Ferruginous Hawk Buteo regalis

Golden Eagle Aquila chrysaetos

Strigiformes - Owls

Tytonidae - Barn Owls

Barn Owl Tyto alba

Strigidae - Typical Owls

Flammulated Owl Psiloscops flammeolus

Western Screech-Owl Megascops kennicottii

Great Horned Owl Bubo virginianus

Snowy Owl Bubo scandiacus - *

Northern Pygmy-Owl Glaucidium gnoma

Elf Owl Micrathene whitneyi - *

Burrowing Owl Athene cunicularia

Spotted Owl Strix occidentalis

Barred Owl Strix varia

Great Gray Owl Strix nebulosa

Long-eared Owl Asio otus

Short-eared Owl Asio flammeus

Northern Saw-whet Owl Aegolius acadicus

Coraciiformes - Rollers, Motmots, Kingfishers, and Allies

Alcedinidae - Kingfishers

Belted Kingfisher Megaceryle alcyon

Piciformes - Puffbirds, Jacamars, Toucans, Woodpeckers, and Allies

Picidae - Woodpeckers and Allies

Lewis's Woodpecker Melanerpes lewis

Red-headed Woodpecker Melanerpes erythrocephalus - *

Acorn Woodpecker Melanerpes formicivorus

Gila Woodpecker Melanerpes uropygialis

Williamson's Sapsucker Sphyrapicus thyroideus

Yellow-bellied Sapsucker Sphyrapicus varius

Red-naped Sapsucker Sphyrapicus nuchalis

Red-breasted Sapsucker Sphyrapicus ruber

Ladder-backed Woodpecker Picoides scalaris

Nuttall's Woodpecker Picoides nuttallii

Downy Woodpecker Picoides pubescens

Hairy Woodpecker Picoides villosus

White-headed Woodpecker Picoides albolarvatus

Black-backed Woodpecker Picoides arcticus

Northern Flicker Colaptes auratus

Gilded Flicker Colaptes chrysoides

Pileated Woodpecker Dryocopus pileatus

Falconiformes - Caracaras and Falcons

Falconidae - Caracaras and Falcons

Crested Caracara Caracara cheriway - *PV

Eurasian Kestrel Falco tinnunculus - *P

American Kestrel Falco sparverius

Merlin Falco columbarius

Gyrfalcon Falco rusticolus - *

Peregrine Falcon Falco peregrinus

Prairie Falcon Falco mexicanus

Psittaciformes - Parrots

Psittacidae - African and New World Parrots

Red-crowned Parrot Amazona viridigenalis - I

Passeriformes - Passerine Birds

Tyrannidae - Tyrant Flycatchers

Olive-sided Flycatcher Contopus cooperi

Greater Pewee Contopus pertinax - *

Western Wood-Pewee Contopus sordidulus

Eastern Wood-Pewee Contopus virens - *PA

Yellow-bellied Flycatcher Empidonax flaviventris - *

Alder Flycatcher Empidonax alnorum - *

Willow Flycatcher Empidonax traillii

Least Flycatcher Empidonax minimus

Hammond's Flycatcher Empidonax hammondii

Gray Flycatcher Empidonax wrightii

Dusky Flycatcher Empidonax oberholseri

Pacific-slope Flycatcher Empidonax difficilis

Cordilleran Flycatcher Empidonax occidentalis

Black Phoebe Sayornis nigricans

Eastern Phoebe Sayornis phoebe

Say's Phoebe Sayornis saya

Vermilion Flycatcher Pyrocephalus rubinus

Dusky-capped Flycatcher Myiarchus tuberculifer - *

Ash-throated Flycatcher Myiarchus cinerascens

Nutting's Flycatcher Myiarchus nuttingi - *PVA

Great Crested Flycatcher Myiarchus crinitus - *

Brown-crested Flycatcher Myiarchus tyrannulus

Sulphur-bellied Flycatcher Myiodynastes luteiventris - *PV

Tropical Kingbird Tyrannus melancholicus

Couch's Kingbird Tyrannus couchii - *PA

Cassin's Kingbird Tyrannus vociferans

Thick-billed Kingbird Tyrannus crassirostris - *PVA

Western Kingbird Tyrannus verticalis

Eastern Kingbird Tyrannus tyrannus

Scissor-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus forficatus

Fork-tailed Flycatcher Tyrannus savana - *P

Laniidae - Shrikes

Brown Shrike Lanius cristatus - *P

Loggerhead Shrike Lanius ludovicianus

Northern Shrike Lanius excubitor

Vireonidae - Vireos

White-eyed Vireo Vireo griseus - *PA

Bell's Vireo Vireo bellii

Gray Vireo Vireo vicinior

Hutton's Vireo Vireo huttoni

Yellow-throated Vireo Vireo flavifrons

Cassin's Vireo Vireo cassinii

Blue-headed Vireo Vireo solitarius - *

Plumbeous Vireo Vireo plumbeus

Philadelphia Vireo Vireo philadelphicus

Warbling Vireo Vireo gilvus

Red-eyed Vireo Vireo olivaceus

Yellow-green Vireo Vireo flavoviridis

Corvidae - Crows and Jays

Gray Jay Perisoreus canadensis

Pinyon Jay Gymnorhinus cyanocephalus

Steller's Jay Cyanocitta stelleri

Blue Jay Cyanocitta cristata - *

Island Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma insularis

California Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma californica

Woodhouse's Scrub-Jay Aphelocoma woodhouseii

Clark's Nutcracker Nucifraga columbiana

Black-billed Magpie Pica hudsonia

Yellow-billed Magpie Pica nuttalli

American Crow Corvus brachyrhynchos

Common Raven Corvus corax

Alaudidae - Larks

Eurasian Skylark Alauda arvensis - *P

Horned Lark Eremophila alpestris

Hirundinidae - Swallows

Purple Martin Progne subis

Tree Swallow Tachycineta bicolor

Violet-green Swallow Tachycineta thalassina

Northern Rough-winged Swallow Stelgidopteryx serripennis

Bank Swallow Riparia riparia

Cliff Swallow Petrochelidon pyrrhonota

Cave Swallow Petrochelidon fulva - *P

Barn Swallow Hirundo rustica

Paridae - Chickadees and Titmice

Black-capped Chickadee Poecile atricapillus

Mountain Chickadee Poecile gambeli

Chestnut-backed Chickadee Poecile rufescens

Oak Titmouse Baeolophus inornatus

Juniper Titmouse Baeolophus ridgwayi

Remizidae - Penduline Tits and Verdins

Verdin Auriparus flaviceps

Aegithalidae - Long-tailed Tits and Bushtits

Bushtit Psaltriparus minimus

Sittidae - Nuthatches

Red-breasted Nuthatch Sitta canadensis

White-breasted Nuthatch Sitta carolinensis

Pygmy Nuthatch Sitta pygmaea

Certhiidae - Creepers

Brown Creeper Certhia americana

Troglodytidae - Wrens

Rock Wren Salpinctes obsoletus

Canyon Wren Catherpes mexicanus

House Wren Troglodytes aedon

Pacific Wren Troglodytes pacificus

Winter Wren Troglodytes hiemalis - *PA

Sedge Wren Cistothorus platensis - *PA

Marsh Wren Cistothorus palustris

Bewick's Wren Thryomanes bewickii

Cactus Wren Campylorhynchus brunneicapillus

Polioptilidae - Gnatcatchers and Gnatwrens

Blue-gray Gnatcatcher Polioptila caerulea

California Gnatcatcher Polioptila californica

Black-tailed Gnatcatcher Polioptila melanura

Cinclidae - Dippers

American Dipper Cinclus mexicanus

Regulidae - Kinglets

Golden-crowned Kinglet Regulus satrapa

Ruby-crowned Kinglet Regulus calendula

Phylloscopidae - Leaf Warblers

Dusky Warbler Phylloscopus fuscatus - *

Arctic/Kamchatka Leaf Warbler Phylloscopus borealis/examinandus - *P

Sylviidae - Sylviid Warblers

Wrentit Chamaea fasciata

Locustellidae - Grasshopper-Warblers

Lanceolated Warbler Locustella lanceolata - *P

Muscicapidae - Old World Flycatchers

Bluethroat Luscinia svecica - *P

Red-flanked Bluetail Tarsiger cyanurus - *P

Taiga Flycatcher Ficedula albicilla - *P

Northern Wheatear Oenanthe oenanthe - *

Stonechat Saxicola torquatus - *P

Turdidae - Thrushes

Western Bluebird Sialia mexicana

Mountain Bluebird Sialia currucoides

Townsend's Solitaire Myadestes townsendi

Veery Catharus fuscescens - *P

Gray-cheeked Thrush Catharus minimus - *

Swainson's Thrush Catharus ustulatus

Hermit Thrush Catharus guttatus

Wood Thrush Hylocichla mustelina - *

Eyebrowed Thrush Turdus obscurus - *PV

Rufous-backed Robin Turdus rufopalliatus - *P

American Robin Turdus migratorius

Varied Thrush Ixoreus naevius

Mimidae - Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Gray Catbird Dumetella carolinensis

Curve-billed Thrasher Toxostoma curvirostre - *

Brown Thrasher Toxostoma rufum

Bendire's Thrasher Toxostoma bendirei

California Thrasher Toxostoma redivivum

Le Conte's Thrasher Toxostoma lecontei

Crissal Thrasher Toxostoma crissale

Sage Thrasher Oreoscoptes montanus

Northern Mockingbird Mimus polyglottos

Sturnidae - Starlings

European Starling Sturnus vulgaris - I

Bombycillidae - Waxwings

Bohemian Waxwing Bombycilla garrulus

Cedar Waxwing Bombycilla cedrorum

Ptiliogonatidae - Silky-flycatchers

Phainopepla Phainopepla nitens

Estrildidae - Waxbills and Allies

Scaly-breasted Munia Lonchura punctulata - I

Passeridae - Old World Sparrows

House Sparrow Passer domesticus - I

Motacillidae - Wagtails and Pipits

Eastern Yellow Wagtail Motacilla tschutschensis - *P

Gray Wagtail Motacilla cinerea - *P

White Wagtail Motacilla alba - *P

Olive-backed Pipit Anthus hodgsoni - *P

Red-throated Pipit Anthus cervinus

American Pipit Anthus rubescens

Sprague's Pipit Anthus spragueii

Fringillidae - Fringilline and Cardueline Finches and Allies

Brambling Fringilla montifringilla - *PV

Gray-crowned Rosy-Finch Leucosticte tephrocotis

Black Rosy-Finch Leucosticte atrata - *

Pine Grosbeak Pinicola enucleator

Common Rosefinch Carpodacus erythrinus - *P

House Finch Haemorhous mexicanus

Purple Finch Haemorhous purpureus

Cassin's Finch Haemorhous cassinii

Red Crossbill Loxia curvirostra

White-winged Crossbill Loxia leucoptera - *S

Common Redpoll Acanthis flammea - *

Pine Siskin Spinus pinus

Lesser Goldfinch Spinus psaltria

Lawrence's Goldfinch Spinus lawrencei

American Goldfinch Spinus tristis

Evening Grosbeak Coccothraustes vespertinus

Calcariidae - Longspurs and Snow Buntings

Lapland Longspur Calcarius lapponicus

Chestnut-collared Longspur Calcarius ornatus

Smith's Longspur Calcarius pictus - *PV

McCown's Longspur Rhynchophanes mccownii

Snow Bunting Plectrophenax nivalis - *

Parulidae - Wood-Warblers

Ovenbird Seiurus aurocapilla

Worm-eating Warbler Helmitheros vermivorum - *

Louisiana Waterthrush Parkesia motacilla - *

Northern Waterthrush Parkesia noveboracensis

Golden-winged Warbler Vermivora chrysoptera - *

Blue-winged Warbler Vermivora cyanoptera - *

Black-and-white Warbler Mniotilta varia

Prothonotary Warbler Protonotaria citrea

Tennessee Warbler Oreothlypis peregrina

Orange-crowned Warbler Oreothlypis celata

Lucy's Warbler Oreothlypis luciae

Nashville Warbler Oreothlypis ruficapilla

Virginia's Warbler Oreothlypis virginiae

Connecticut Warbler Oporornis agilis - *

MacGillivray's Warbler Geothlypis tolmiei

Mourning Warbler Geothlypis philadelphia - *

Kentucky Warbler Geothlypis formosa

Common Yellowthroat Geothlypis trichas

Hooded Warbler Setophaga citrina

American Redstart Setophaga ruticilla

Cape May Warbler Setophaga tigrina - *

Cerulean Warbler Setophaga cerulea - *

Northern Parula Setophaga americana

Magnolia Warbler Setophaga magnolia

Bay-breasted Warbler Setophaga castanea

Blackburnian Warbler Setophaga fusca

Yellow Warbler Setophaga petechia

Chestnut-sided Warbler Setophaga pensylvanica

Blackpoll Warbler Setophaga striata

Black-throated Blue Warbler Setophaga caerulescens

Palm Warbler Setophaga palmarum

Pine Warbler Setophaga pinus

Yellow-rumped Warbler Setophaga coronata

Yellow-throated Warbler Setophaga dominica

Prairie Warbler Setophaga discolor

Grace's Warbler Setophaga graciae - *

Black-throated Gray Warbler Setophaga nigrescens

Townsend's Warbler Setophaga townsendi

Hermit Warbler Setophaga occidentalis

Golden-cheeked Warbler Setophaga chrysoparia - *

Black-throated Green Warbler Setophaga virens

Canada Warbler Cardellina canadensis

Wilson's Warbler Cardellina pusilla

Red-faced Warbler Cardellina rubrifrons - *

Painted Redstart Myioborus pictus

Yellow-breasted Chat Icteria virens

Emberizidae - Emberizids

Green-tailed Towhee Pipilo chlorurus

Spotted Towhee Pipilo maculatus

Rufous-crowned Sparrow Aimophila ruficeps

California Towhee Melozone crissalis

Abert's Towhee Melozone aberti

Cassin's Sparrow Peucaea cassinii - *

American Tree Sparrow Spizelloides arborea

Chipping Sparrow Spizella passerina

Clay-colored Sparrow Spizella pallida

Brewer's Sparrow Spizella breweri

Field Sparrow Spizella pusilla - *P

Black-chinned Sparrow Spizella atrogularis

Vesper Sparrow Pooecetes gramineus

Lark Sparrow Chondestes grammacus

Black-throated Sparrow Amphispiza bilineata

Sagebrush Sparrow Artemisiospiza nevadensis

Bell's Sparrow Artemisiospiza belli

Lark Bunting Calamospiza melanocorys

Savannah Sparrow Passerculus sandwichensis

Grasshopper Sparrow Ammodramus savannarum

Baird's Sparrow Ammodramus bairdii - *

Le Conte's Sparrow Ammodramus leconteii - *

Nelson's Sparrow Ammodramus nelsoni

Fox Sparrow Passerella iliaca

Song Sparrow Melospiza melodia

Lincoln's Sparrow Melospiza lincolnii

Swamp Sparrow Melospiza georgiana

White-throated Sparrow Zonotrichia albicollis

Harris's Sparrow Zonotrichia querula

White-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia leucophrys

Golden-crowned Sparrow Zonotrichia atricapilla

Dark-eyed Junco Junco hyemalis

Little Bunting Emberiza pusilla - *P

Rustic Bunting Emberiza rustica - *P

Cardinalidae - Cardinals and Allies

Hepatic Tanager Piranga flava

Summer Tanager Piranga rubra

Scarlet Tanager Piranga olivacea

Western Tanager Piranga ludoviciana

Northern Cardinal Cardinalis cardinalis

Pyrrhuloxia Cardinalis sinuatus - *P

Rose-breasted Grosbeak Pheucticus ludovicianus

Black-headed Grosbeak Pheucticus melanocephalus

Blue Grosbeak Passerina caerulea

Lazuli Bunting Passerina amoena

Indigo Bunting Passerina cyanea

Varied Bunting Passerina versicolor - *

Painted Bunting Passerina ciris

Dickcissel Spiza americana

Icteridae - Blackbirds

Bobolink Dolichonyx oryzivorus

Red-winged Blackbird Agelaius phoeniceus

Tricolored Blackbird Agelaius tricolor

Western Meadowlark Sturnella neglecta

Yellow-headed Blackbird Xanthocephalus xanthocephalus

Rusty Blackbird Euphagus carolinus - *

Brewer's Blackbird Euphagus cyanocephalus

Common Grackle Quiscalus quiscula - *

Great-tailed Grackle Quiscalus mexicanus

Bronzed Cowbird Molothrus aeneus

Brown-headed Cowbird Molothrus ater

Orchard Oriole Icterus spurius

Hooded Oriole Icterus cucullatus

Streak-backed Oriole Icterus pustulatus - *

Bullock's Oriole Icterus bullockii

Baltimore Oriole Icterus galbula

Scott's Oriole Icterus parisorum

Supplemental List

This list includes those species for which the CBRC has determined that all of the correctly identified records are of uncertain natural occurrence. Given available evidence, the CBRC could not reach a consensus as to whether records of these species involved true naturally occurring vagrants or escapes from captivity. However, a majority of CBRC members agreed that these species should be admitted to this Supplemental List. Species judged by the CBRC to be probable escapees are not admitted to the Supplemental List.

Gruiformes - Rails, Cranes, and Allies

Gruidae - Cranes

Demoiselle Crane Anthropoides virgo - P

Passeriformes - Passerine Birds

Mimidae - Mockingbirds and Thrashers

Blue Mockingbird Melanotis caerulescens - PVA

Ptiliogonatidae - Silky-flycatchers

Gray Silky-flycatcher Ptiliogonys cinereus - PV

Fringillidae - Fringilline and Cardueline Finches and Allies

Oriental Greenfinch Chloris sinica - P

Icteridae - Blackbirds

Black-backed Oriole Icterus abeillei - P